John Downey

  • John Downey was born in Chicago. After having earned his Bachelor of Music degree from De Paul University and his Master of Music from the Chicago Musical College, he was awarded a Fulbright Grant to study in Paris. His stay in Europe was crowned with a Prix de Composition from the Paris Conservatoire National de Musique, and a Ph.D. (Docteur ès Lettres) from the Sorbonne (Univ. of Paris). Among the many composers with whom he has had the opportunity to work are: Honegger, Boulanger, Milhaud, and Rieti, as well as with Messiaen, Babbitt, Sessions, Krenek and Tcherepnin. He holds the title of Distinguished Professor of Music at the University of Wisconsin in Milwaukee where he maintains a vigorous schedule of teaching, composing, performing and conducting, and he is Director of Theory for the Milwaukee Youth Symphony Orchestra. He is also founder and director of the Wisconsin Contemporary Music Forum.

    Downey’s music is characterized by concern for organic structure evolving in free-flowing sections (identified as “facets”), which are imbued with what he calls “undercurrent jazz”, and contain a rich harmonic palette and a strong feeling for instrumental color. In quoting from the New Grove Dictionary of American Music, “Downey frequently uses modified serial procedures to achieve pitch coherence and large-scale harmonic relationships in his music; motivic development, sometimes polyphonically layered, in conjunction with timbral identities or tumbrel mixtures, further contribute to the overall structure. A number of compositions (for example, the Cello Sonata and the String Quartet No. 2) employ transformations of bell sonorities”. His output encompasses music for a variety of media, from chamber music and symphonic works, to electronic tape with light sculpturing and partially controlled improvisation as well as computer-generated sounds. John Downey has written over seventy compositions to date.

    John Downey is the recipient of a number of important awards, commissions, and honors, some of which are from the National Endowment for the Arts, the Ford Foundation, the Copley Foundation, ASCAP, the University of Wisconsin, the Wisconsin Arts Board, the Moebius Foundation, the MacDowell Colony, the Milwaukee Symphony, the Fine Arts Quartet, the Woodwind Arts Quintet, Gary Karr, George Sopkin, Stephen Bassoon, Robert Thompson, the Milwaukee Youth Symphony Orchestra, and others. He was the recipient of the Walter Heinrichsen Award bestowed upon him by the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters in New York City. In 1980, he was knighted by the French government and named “Chevalier de l’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres.” He is a member of the American Music Center, the Society for Composers, Inc., the American Federation of Musicians, Mu Phi Epsilon, Phi Kappa Phi, Delta Omicron, among others. He is listed in Who’s Who in America, Who’s Who in the Midwest, Who’s Who in the World, International Who’s Who in Music, Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians, and The New Grove Dictionary of American Music. Downey is the author of a 600 page book entitled, La Musique populaire dans l’Oeuvre de Béla Bartók, and has contributed articles to several professional publications.

    His compositions have been recorded on Orion Records, Composers’ Recordings, Inc., Cala Records of London and New York, the Gasparo label, Chandos Records of England and Heritage Records. His music is published primarily by Theodore Presser Company and C.F. Peters in the US, and Gérard Billaudot in Paris, France.

    John Downey enjoys an international reputation and his works have been performed nationally as well as in Canada, Mexico, South America, Western and Eastern Europe, Africa, the Middle East, Israel and Australia. He is often invited to attend performances of his works both here and abroad, where he performs, conducts and lectures both about his own music and contemporary American music in general. Thus, in the late eighties, he was a featured composer at three music festivals held in Rio de Janeiro, Santos, and São Paulo, Brazil. During the 1990 season, he lectured at the Royal Academy of Music in London where his Discourse, one of the compositions recorded on the Cala release, has been performed in the Festival of American Music. In the summer of that year, he was invited by the Board of Directors of the Lvov Philharmonic Orchestra in Ukraine to conduct a program of his works (which included Discourse and Declamations, another composition on the Cala CD,) with their orchestra in Lvov’s historic Philharmonia Hall. He was perhaps the first US composer to have been presented in a concert devoted entirely to the music of a contemporary American living composer in the former Soviet Union since the advent of glasnost. The event has been telecast and radio-broadcast all over Ukraine. Subsequently, one of the orchestral compositions played at the concert was chosen for performance at the First International Festival of Contemporary Music in Kiev, Ukraine.

    Another one of the four symphonic works on the Cala release, the Concerto for Double Bass and Orchestra, had its world premiere performance in September 1987, at the prestigious Opera House in Sydney, Australia. Gary Karr, the renowned double bass virtuoso, commissioned the work and premiered it with the Sydney Symphony Orchestra under the baton of Geoffrey Simon. Karr and Simon gave its American premiere with the Albany Symphony at the Troy Music Hall in 1989. The work has received further performance by Gary Karr at Hartt College in Connecticut, by the Milwaukee Symphony Orchestra and the Milwaukee Youth Symphony Orchestra with Roger Ruggeri as bass soloist.

    Jingalodeon, another work on the same CD, has been performed a great number of times. It was commissioned and performed by the Milwaukee Symphony with Kenneth Schermerhorn conducting. James Paul and Paul Polivnik conducted it several times with the Milwaukee Symphony. Gilbert Amy taped it for Radio France with le Nouvel Orchestra Philharmonique de Paris. It has been rebroadcast a number of times throughout France. Mark Starr, Geoffrey Simon and Paul Suskind also conducted this work with various orchestras.

    Declamations, the fourth composition on the Cala CD, also received a number of performances. It was premiered by Geoffrey Simon with the Albany Symphony in December 1985. Later, it was conducted by Manuel Prestamo in the United States and South America, and by Roger Boutry in Paris with l’Orchestre de la Garde Républicaine. John Downey conducted it during a tour of Austria, Switzerland and France with the Milwaukee Youth Symphony Orchestra during the summer of 1987.

    Other conductors who have performed John Downey’s music, include Izler Solomon, Sergiu Comissiona, Eugene Bigot, Alain Louvier, Pierre-Michel LeConte, Lukas Foss, Margaret Hawkins, Milton Weber, Stanley DeRusha, Margery Deutsch and Zdenek Macal, among others.

    Much of Downey’s research in recent years has been concerned with finding new organizational solutions to structural problems evoked by the ever present dilemma of achieving strong unity in a composition while still maintaining variety. This is crucial to time controlled art objects of which music is a prime example. He has observed that, “Although styles change and very with place and time, an artist’s sincerity of purpose, depth of feeling, and intellectual finesse are values permeating most works of art regardless of time and fashion.”

    John Downey resides with his wife, Irusha, linguist, translator and poet, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. He has collaborated with his wife on several occasions, setting to music her original works as well as her translations. His setting of her poem, Un Dauphin, and its English version, A Dolphin, is proving to be one of his most frequently performed chamber compositions.

  • Cover Title (Subtitle) Duration Instrumentation
    110-40671 Eastlake Terrace
    114-40251 Lydian Suite
    For Solo Violoncello
    510-01488 Pyramids
    114-40887 Soliloquy
    For English Horn
    5:00 English Horn Unaccompanied
    Chamber Ensemble
    16114 A Dolphin
    for High Voice, Alto Flute, Viola, Piano, and Percussion
    410-41302 Adagio Lyrico
    2 Pianos 4 Hands
    524-02398 Agort
    114-40397 Duo
    15:00 Oboe, Harpsichord
    114-40427 Portrait #3
    114-40472 Prayer
    String Trio
    114-40816 Recombinance
    114-40271 Silhouette
    514-00489 Sonata
    114-40735 String Quartet No. 1
    String Quartet
    114-40505 String Quartet No. 2
    String Quartet
    114-41047 The Edge Of Space
    Fantasy for Bassoon and Orchestra
    20:00 Bassoon with Piano
    16059 Almost 12
    for Chamber Orchestra
    18:30 1 1 1 1 – 1 0 0 0; Perc. Str.
    16081 Chant to Michelangelo
    14:00 3(Picc.) 2 3(B.Cl.) 2 – 4 4 3 1; Timp. Perc. Str.
    16103 Declamations
    16:00 3(Picc.) 3(E.H.) 3(Bb, A, B.Cl.) 3(Cbsn.) – 4 3 3(Bass) 1; 3Perc. Str.
    16142 For Those Who Suffered
    (Yad Vashem – An Impression)
    26:00 1(Picc.) 1(E.H.) 1 0 – 1 1 0 0; 2Perc. Pno. Accord. Str.
    10119 High Clouds and Soft Rain
    for 24 Flutes
    17:00 4Picc. 7Fl.(divisi) 4AltoFl. 2B.Fl.
    16143 Jingalodeon
    6’30’ 2 2 2 2 – 4 2 3 1; Timp. Perc. Str.
    16145 Ode to Freedom
    for Orchestra
    8:15 3(Picc.) 3(E.H.) 3(B.Cl.) 3(Cbsn.) – 4 3 3 1; Timp. Perc. Str.
    16147 Symphonic Modules Five
    for Orchestra
    43:00 5 3 4 3 – 6 4 4 1; Timp. 5Perc. Pno. Cel. Hp. Str.
    Orchestra with Soloist(s)
    16092 Concerto for Double Bass and Orchestra
    28:00 Solo Cb.; 3 3 3 3 – 4 2 3 1; Timp. Perc. Cel. Hp. Str.
    16125 The Edge of Space
    for Bassoon and Orchestra
    20:00 Solo Bsn.; 2 3 3 2 – 2 2 3 1; Perc. Cel. Hp. El.Gtr. Str.
    Band / Wind Ensemble
    16070 Call for Freedom
    for Symphonic Winds
    16135 Fanfare for Freedom
    16146 Ode to Freedom
    for Wind Ensemble
    7:00 3 3 3 3 – 4 4 3 1; Timp. 5Perc. 2Hp. 2Cb.

  • 1999: London Downey Festival
    1998: Downey Music Festival in Milwaukee
    1997: Milwaukee McDowell Club honored Mr. Downey on his 70th birthday with a program of his music at the Broadway Theater Center
    1994: Chosen as the Commissioned Composer of the Year by the Wisconsin Music Teachers Association
    1992: Named Musician of the Year by Milwaukee Sentinel
    1990: Received $5,000 Wisconsin Arts Board Music Fellowship
    1990: Received Walter Heinrichen Award from the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters NYC
    1990: Three-day Downey Festival of Music at Hartt College
    1987: Received Extraordinary Musical Achievement Award from Sigma Alpha Iota of Milwaukee
    1987: ASCAP Award
    1985: Awarded Moebius Creativity Award for outstanding achievement in the Arts
    1985: ASCAP Award
    1984: Prayer for String Trio won New Music for Young Ensembles Competition in New York
    1984: ASCAP Award
    1983: ASCAP Award
    1982: ASCAP Award
    1981: ASCAP Award
    1980: ASCAP Award
    1979: ASCAP Award
    1979: Received Fulbright-Hayes Grant to work at IRCAM institute de Recherche et de Coordination Acoutique Musicale
    1978: ASCAP Award
    1977: Received National Endowment for the Arts grant
    1977: Received Norlin Foundation Award as a Distinguished Fellow in Composition
    1976: Received Norlin Foundation Award to work at MacDowell Colony
    1974: ASCAP Award
    1973: Honored by Wisconsin Federation of Music Clubs in Green Bay
    1965: Won UWM research grant
    1960: Received Copley Foundation grant for summer composition
    1960: Won second Fromm award to attend Princeton University Composer Seminar
    1959: Received Copley Foundation grant for summer composition in Aspen
    1958: Received Copley Award. Received Aspen Composers’ Festival Award and award from the Fromm Music Foundation
    1958: Received Copley Foundation grant for summer composition in Aspen
    1956: Earned Docteur des Lettres, PhD from University of Paris – Sorbonne
    1956: Received scholarship from Conservatoire National de Musique in Paris
    1955: Received scholarship from Conservatoire National de Musique in Paris
    1953: Received second Fulbright Award for extra year of study in composition and musicology in Paris
    1952: Received Fulbright grant for composition studies in Europe

  • Almost Twelve
    for Chamber Orchestra
    Call for Freedom
    for Symphonic Winds
    Chant to Michaelangelo
    for Orchestra
    Concerto for Doublebass and Orchestra
    for Orchestra
    For Those Who Suffered
    (Yad Vashem – An Impression)

    for Chamber Orchestra
    The Edge of Space
    for Bassoon and Orchestra